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Ostrya virg. 'Autumn Treasure' - Hop Hornbeam
Ostrya virg. 'Autumn Treasure' - Hop Hornbeam
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Ostrya virg. 'Autumn Treasure' - Hop Hornbeam

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Ostrya virginiana, commonly called American hop hornbeam, is a deciduous, native tree which usually occurs in dry soils on rocky slopes, upland woods and bluffs. A small to medium-sized, understory tree with a generally rounded crown. Typically grows 25-40' tall with a slightly smaller spread. Features oval to lance-shaped, sharply-serrated, dark yellowish-green leaves. Leaves turn an undistinguished yellow in autumn and often drop early. Flowers are monoecious (reddish-brown male flowers and greenish female flowers appear in separate catkins on the same tree). Flowers are not particularly showy, although the male catkins are more prominent and are present throughout winter. Female catkins are followed by drooping clusters of sac-like, seed-bearing pods which, as the common name suggests, somewhat resemble the fruit of hops. Also commonly called ironwood because of its extremely hard and dense wood.
  • Type: Tree
  • Native 
  • Zone: 3 to 9
  • Height: 25-40 feet
  • Spread: 20-30 feet
  • Bloom Time: April
  • Bloom Description: Red-brown (male); light green (female)
  • Sun: Full sun to part shade
  • Water: Medium
  • Maintenance: Low
  • Suggested Use: Shade Tree, Street Tree
  • Flower: Insignificant
  • Tolerate: Deer, Drought, Clay Soil